The Himalayas are one of the most magnificent of mountain chains in the world. A mere glance at the the Himalayan mountains leaves you awestruck and humbled. The Himalayas are the only mountain range in the world that has peaks with an altitude of above 8000 metres. Infact, there are fourteen peaks in the Himalayan range that exceed the 8000 metres mark. The second highest peak of the world - K2 mountain- was once believed to be the highest in the world. However, a re assessment proved that Mt Everest was the highest amongst all. So K2 Mountain became the second highest peak in the world. The rest of the peaks that form part of the top ten ten highest peaks are as follows:
Third Highest Peak - Kangchenjunga
Fourth Highest Peak - Lhotse
Fifth Highest Peak - Makalu
Sixth Highest Peak - Cho Oyu
Seventh Highest Peak - Dhaulagiri
Eighth Highest Peak - Manaslu
Ninth Highest Peak - Nanga Parbat Peak
Tenth Highest Peak - Annapurna
The Himlayas are also the originating point of a number of rivers that are considered very significant for the existence and development of settlements in the surrounding regions from where they pass.
The Indian mythological epics and vedas refer to the earlier Himalayan inhabitants as Kiratas, Kulinds, Kinnars and Darads. Presently there are majorly three ethnic groups that form the total population of Himalayas – Mongoloids, Negroids and Aryans.
Himalayan Travel Attractions
With a stunning beauty that captivates every heart and plethora of sightseeing and activities option, the Himalayan region indeed presents a lifetime opportunity for a wonderful trip. Below we list out the various attractions that you must explore:
Himalayan Countries – Himalayan Mountains in India, Nepal Himalayas, Bhutan Himalayas, Tibet Himalayas
Himalayan Wildlife Travel - Corbett National Park Great Himalayan National Park, Royal Bardia National Park, Namdapha National Park, The Royal Chitwan Park
Himalayan Hill Stations - Gulmarg & Sonamarg, Srinagar, Ladakh, Shimla, Kullu, Manali, Dharamsala, Dalhousie, Nainital, Mussoorie, Rishikesh, Gangtok, Darjeeling
Adventure Sports - Camping in Himalayas , Canoeing & Kayaking,Himalayan Motor Ralleying, River Rafting in Himalayas, Rock Climbing in Himalaya, Skiing in Himalayas, Trekking in Himalaya
Pilgrimage in Himalayas - Kailash Mansarovar, Amarnath Yatra, Vaishno Devi tour, Dharamsala,Char Dham, Rishikesh,Kathmandu, Tibet.
Climate of the Himalayas and the Best Time to Visit it
Elevation decides what kind of climate will a particular Himalayan region will face. At higher altitude, it gets more and more chillier whereas at the lower levels, the areas are wetter. Actually climatic changes in the Himalayan region is quiet unpredictable. Any moment there can be high winds, rainfall, snowstorms, etc., that can change the climate drastically.
Broadly there are two seasons – summer and winter. During winters snowfall is maximum and temperature drops to its minimum. Weather is chilly. Summers are comparatively warmer making it easier for travellers to roam around conveniently.